Periodontal diseases (Periodontitis) are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals.
Why is oral hygiene so important?
Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases, (periodontal disease) than from cavities. Greater than 55% of adults experience some level of periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque. Plaque is a colorless film, which sticks to your teeth at the gum line. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth. Good daily brushing and flossing removes these germs and helps prevent periodontal disease.
Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins and poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. With time, this inflammation detaches the gums from the teeth. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. Once this bone is lost, it never grows back.
These same bacteria and the inflammatory hormones they create get in your bloodstream and affect not just your mouth, but your entire body. They have found the bacteria from periodontal disease to have a part in other conditions, including heart disease, to diabetes, to certain cancers, Alzheimer’s, and more.
We can help
Dr Lemke and our hygienists have advanced skills to help you stop periodontal disease. We have a variety of techniques, and technology to remove the bacteria which cause periodontal disease. Just as important, we can give you the tools and help you develop the habits to manage periodontal disease at home. We will be your partners in every step of your journey to optimal dental health.